Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.Running Head: LEAD POISONING IN DRINKING WATERLead Poisoning in Drinking WaterStudent NameInstitutional AffiliationDate1LEAD POISONING IN DRINKING WATER2Lead Poisoning in Drinking WaterUnit I: IntroductionHistory of Lead in Drinking WaterWater is an important component of the environment. Consumption of water promotesthe survival of plants, animals, and humans. This is one of the reasons why water is a source oflife. However, water contamination affects the purity of drinking water. One of water’scontaminants is Lead. Presence of Lead in drinking water is commonly from the usage of leadpipes, plumbing fixtures, and faucets (Lin, Li, Z., & Burns, 2017). Also, plumbing fixtures, pipefittings, and welding solders used to contain Lead. This was a major source of Lead in drinkingwater in the late 1800s. Earliest health issue raised due to Lead in drinking water happened in1859. Due to increased lead-related complications from drinking water, limitation in leadplumbing was enacted in the 1920s. Lead in drinking water can cause an increase in bloodacidity, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, reduces kidney functionality, and reproductiveproblems. Lead in drinking water is a problem because of the health effect on humans.Continuous consumption of Lead in drinking water is a problem due to causing anaemia, brainand kidney damage. Moreover, high exposure to Lead in drinking water causes death. Inpregnant women, the consumption of Lead in drinking water causes a placental barrier. As aresult, lead exposure in pregnancy leads to spontaneous abortion, gestational hypertension,impaired neurodevelopment, and low birth weight. Prenatal lead exposure causes deterioration inmaternal health. According to Dave & Yang (2020), infant exposure to lead intake in drinkingwater causes infants undergoing coma, seizures, and premature death. Consequently, lead indrinking water poses various health issues in humans.LEAD POISONING IN DRINKING WATER3The presence of Lead in drinking water is a problem for humans. Before consumption ofwater by humans in houses, water undergoes purification and treatment. Purification and watertreatment are authorized and regulated by local and state governments of most countries andstates. In Washington, D.C., water purification and treatment are under the District of ColumbiaWater and Sewer Authority (WASA) (Hedgpeth & Shaver, 2016). Initially, the use of chlorineapplied in the purification and treatment of water in Washington, D.C. However, the District ofColumbia Water and Sewer Authority focused on using chloramine for quicker and bettertreatment. This resulted in water contamination. The use of chloramines led to leadcontamination in water. As a heavy metal, Lead caused various health issues. In Washington,D.C, most children were affected by lead contamination. The lead level became so high that thewater pipes were severely undergoing corrosion (Hedgpeth & Shaver, 2016). The corrosion wasdue to the increase in acidity levels of the drinking water. Lead in drinking water is a majorhealth issue because of affecting people living in Washington, D.C. Therefore, understandingimpact of Lead involves evaluation of why Lead contamination of water and air is of publichealth importance, review of literature related to lead contamination, evaluation of jobopportunities for working in preventing lead contamination of air and water, how Lead enters airand water, and focusing on hazards involved in working in workplaces involving Lead.How Lead poisoning in drinking water relates to public healthLead contaminated water is a public health issue because of how contaminated wateraffects humans. Humans who drink water contaminated by Lead are prone to experiencingincreased blood pressure influencing hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, reduced kidneyfunctionality, and reproductive problems (Roy & Edwards, 2019). Having such issues affectinghumans causes a public health concern. The issue is a public health concern since contaminationLEAD POISONING IN DRINKING WATER4comes from a public utility, which is water. Consumption of lead-contaminated water may causea health endemic. An endemic will cost Washington, D.C state government a lot of money intreating the public. Hence, the public health department prioritizes such matters due to theinfection rates that may increase. Having contamination of Lead in water causes water scarcity,which may cause a lot of public suffering in Washington, D.C. Based on the course outline, Ihave learned that I will know to define public health problems, such as Lead in drinking water. Iwill learn how Lead in drinking water affects …
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