(Mt) – MGT422- Discussion 2

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+ Managing Business Ethics Chapter 8 Treviño & Nelson – 5th Edition + Chapter 8 Overview ■ Introduction ■ Managing the “Basics” ■ Managing a Diverse Workforce ■ The Manager as Lens ■ Managing Up and Across ■ Conclusion + What Is Employee Engagement? ■ Very simply, it’s discretionary effort ■ Engagement spans a continuum from “engaged” to “actively disengaged” ■ There are clear links betweens employee engagement and their focus on customers and aspects of their organization’s financial and operational performance across a number of areas ■ Employee engagement has real implications on employees’ ethical behavior + Engagement Continuum Engaged Not Engaged • Passionate and • “Checked out” enthusiastic • Sleepwalking • Feel profoundly • Put in time — but not connected to the energy or passion -company into their work • Drive innovation • May or may not “go • Move the company the extra mile” forward • Eagerly go the “extra mile” Actively Disengaged • Negative drag on the culture • “It’s not my job.” • May well sabotage company initiatives and employee goodwill • No company loyalty • Undermine what engaged coworkers accomplish + Cost of Disengaged Employees? ■ In the United States: ■ 16% actively disengaged = 22.5 million workers ■ Each employee costs their employer about $13,000 per year in lost productivity ■ Total lost productivity per year in U.S. = almost $300 billion + Benefits of Engaged Employees? ■ 50% more likely to have lower turnover and absenteeism ■ 56% more likely to have higher customer loyalty ■ 27% more likely to have higher profits and deliver $3,800 more in profits per employee ■ 46% fewer accidents ■ generate $27,000 more in sales per employee ■ create $18,600 more in market value per employee. (James Shaffer, Communicating for Business Results, Journal of Employee Communication Management, 2003) + Drivers of Engagement Driver Explanation Ethical Implications Line of Sight Employees understand the company’s Employees evaluate organizational strategic direction, how the company credibility by how well stated values reflect makes money, and how their “how business is really done” and what individual efforts play a role in that values are getting rewarded. Is my revenue-generating enterprise. company credible? Can I trust it? Involvement Employees are involved in the enterprise; they actively participate, and their ideas are heard. Information Sharing This kind of employee involvement encourages the two-way communication that is critical for ethical issues to be identified and resolved. People get the information they need Cultures where information sharing is to be effective, when they need it, and encouraged are more likely to be open information goes in all directions – up, organizations, where ethical issues can be down, and across the organization, as identified and resolved and not swept needed. under the rug. Rewards & Recognition Business goals and values are clearly It is critical that companies pay close spelled out and employees know what attention to the incentives that goals and they need to do and how they need to values will provide for ethical (or unethical) behave to get rewarded. behavior. + Managing the Basics ■ Hiring and work assignments ■ Performance evaluation ■ Discipline ■ Terminations ■ Why are these ethical problems? ■ Costs + Managing a Diverse Workforce ■ Diversity ■ Harassment ■ Family and personal issues ■ Why are these ethical problems? ■ Costs + The Manager as Lens ■ The buck stops with managers ■ Begin with clear standards ■ Design a plan to continually communicate your standards ■ Managers are role models + Managing Up and Across ■ Honesty Is Rule One ■ Standards Go Both Ways + Hiring and Work Assignments You’re planning to hire a new sales manager and one of the leading candidates is really homely. You are concerned about how your customers – and even his colleagues — would react to him. The specific job he’s applying for requires extensive customer contact and his appearance is frankly disconcerting. On the other hand, his credentials are excellent and he’s certainly qualified for the job. + Performance Management You were recently promoted to manager of a department with five professionals and two clerical staff. One of the professionals, Joe, is a nice guy, but he simply hasn’t been able to match the performance of the others in the department. When he tells you he has been interviewing for another job in a different part of your company, you pull his personnel file and see that your predecessor had rated Joe’s performance as “good to excellent.” You frankly disagree. Joe has asked you for a recommendation. Based on the written appraisals, you could give him a good one — but your personal observation is at odds with the written evaluations. Joe’s prospective manager — your peer in another department — asks for your opinion. What do you say? + Discipline Steven is a salesman who reports to you, the regional director of sales for an office supply company. He has a great track record and has consistently surpassed his sales targets, but he has one terrible flaw: he’s not on time for anything. He’s late for both for meetings with you and for lunches with clients, and the problem extends to his paperwork. His expense reports, sales reports — everything is handed in a week late. As his manager, you’ve counseled him about his tardiness and he has improved. Now instead of being 15 minutes late for a meeting, he’s only five minutes late. And instead of submitting his expenses a week late, they’re only two days late. His lateness seems minor in view of his achievements, but it’s driving you and his co-workers crazy. + Terminations You’re a manager in a large commercial bank. You discover that Patricia, a loan officer who reports to you, has forged an approval signature on a customer loan, which requires signatures from two loan officers. When you confront Pat with the forgery, she apologizes profusely and says that her husband has been very ill. The day she forged the signature, he was going into surgery and she just didn’t have time to find another loan officer to sign the authorization for the loan. Pat has been with your bank for 15 years and has a spotless record. + Diversity One of your best customers is a very conservative organization — a real “white-shirt” company. Reporting to you is David, a very talented African-American who could benefit greatly from working with this customer account — and the customer account would benefit greatly from David’s expertise and creativity. The issue is that David dresses in vibrant colors and wears a kufi, an African skull cap. Your company long ago recognized David’s brilliance, and his dress within the company isn’t an issue. But you know your customer would react to David’s attire with raised eyebrows. + Harassment Your profession has been traditionally a male-dominated one and Marcia is the only woman in your department. Whenever Sam — your senior engineer– holds staff meetings, he and the other males in the department compliment Marcia profusely. They say things like, “It’s hard for us to concentrate with a gorgeous woman like you in the room,” or “you’ve got to stop batting your eyelashes at us or the temperature in this room will trigger the air conditioning.” They compliment her apparel, her figure, her legs, and her manner of speaking. Although flattering, their remarks make her feel uncomfortable. She has mentioned her discomfort to you on several occasions, and you’ve told Sam and the others to cut it out. They just laughed and told you that Marcia was too sensitive. You think that while Marcia was being sensitive, she did have justification for being upset about her co-workers’ remarks. + Harassment One of your direct reports, Robert, belongs to an activist church. Although you have no problems with anyone’s religious beliefs, Robert is so vocal about his religion that it’s becoming a problem with other employees in your department. He not only preaches to his fellow employees, but he also has criticized the attire of some of his female co-workers, and continually quotes religious verse in staff meetings. You’ve received complaints about his behavior from several employees. A few weeks ago, you suggested to Robert that he tone down his preaching, and he reacted as if you were a heathen about to persecute him for his beliefs. His behavior has since escalated. + Family Issue One of your direct reports is Ellen, who just returned from maternity leave. She now has two children — her infant is fourmonths-old and her older child is three-years-old. Ellen is not only a talented worker, but she’s also a wonderful person. Before the birth of her second child, she had no problem handling the workload and the demands on her time – she had a live-in nanny who could care for her child regardless of when she returned home. Recently, however, her live-in left and Ellen is now sending her children to a day care facility with strict opening and closing times. Although Ellen is very productive when she’s in the office, her schedule no longer has any flexibility — she must leave the office no later than 5:00 p.m. This has caused a hardship for all of her peers who must complete team assignments whether or not she’s present. Although you don’t want to cause problems for her, the situation doesn’t seem fair to her co-workers. + Honesty is Rule One Michael is a lawyer who reports to Paula, the corporate counsel for a chemical company. During one particularly busy period, Paula asks Michael to prepare a summary of all pending lawsuits and other legal activity for the company’s senior management. Since Michael has several court appearances and depositions cluttering his schedule, he assigns the report to one of his paralegals, who completes the report in several days. Since he’s so busy, Michael simply submits the report to Paula, without reviewing it. When Paula asks him what he thinks of the report, he assures her that he’s fine with it. The next day, Paula asks Michael into her office and says that she has found a major omission in the report. Michael has no choice but to admit that he didn’t have time to review it. + Standards Go Both Ways It began when Bruce asked Andy to lie to his wife about his whereabouts. “If Marcia calls, tell her I’m in Phoenix on a business trip,” he told Andy. Of course, he had also confided to Andy that in case of an office emergency, he could be reached at a local golf tournament or at a nearby hotel where he was staying with another woman. Since Bruce was senior to Andy and was a powerful contributor in the department, Andy went along with his request. When Marcia called, Andy told the lie about Bruce being in Phoenix. Bruce asked several more “favors” of Andy, and Andy complied. Then Bruce asked for a big favor: he instructed Andy to inflate monthly sales figures for a report going to senior management. When Andy objected, Bruce said, “Oh, come on Andy, we all know how high your standards are.” + Employment Basics You’ve recently been promoted to a supervisory position and are now responsible for coordinating the work of four other employees. Two of these workers are more than 20 years older than you are, and both have been with the company much longer than you have. Although you’ve tried to be supportive of them and have gone out of your way to praise their work, whenever there is some kind of disagreement, they go to your boss with the problem. You’ve asked them repeatedly to come to you with whatever issues they have; they just ignore you and complain to other workers about reporting to someone your age. Design a strategy for dealing with these workers and your manager. + Managing a Diverse Workforce After two years of sales calls and persuasion, a large, multi-national petroleum company — Big Oil Ltd. — decides to sign with your employer, Secure Bank. Since Big Oil is headquartered in Saudi Arabia and most of the meetings with the client have been in the Middle East, Secure Bank’s senior executive in charge of oil and oil products companies — Julie — has not attended. Although the Secure Bank employees who have met with the company have told the Big Oil executives that the lead on their account will be a woman, the news must not have registered, perhaps because of language difficulties. Today the Big Oil reps are in Chicago to sign on the dotted line and meet with Secure Bank’s senior managers, and of course, they’ve met with Julie. A member of the original Secure Bank sales team calls you to say that Big Oil’s senior team member has told him he does not want Julie to work on their account, period. Because of cultural issues, Big Oil execs are uncomfortable dealing with women from any country. As Julie’s manager, what do you do? + Managing Up and Across ■ As an operations professional, you need to be able to interact effectively with many internal customers – from corporate managers to field representatives. One of your peers is Jessica, who is a talented operations professional, but who is downright rude to her internal customers. Her attitude is so bad that people around your company ask specifically to deal with you instead of Jessica. You’ve heard many tales about her sarcasm and her unwillingness to deliver anything other than the absolute minimum to other employees. You’ve thought about talking to Bruce, the manager to whom both you and Jessica report – but you and everyone else knows that they’re dating. In the meantime, your workload is increasing because of Jessica’s reputation. How do you handle Jessica and Bruce? :Action Required :Watch the short video in the following link and answer the questions that follows Top 5 Ethics and Compliance Trends for 2015 :)Test your Knowledge (Question 8.3 Think about all of the communication opportunities provided by social media. How could an organization use social media like Facebook, Twitter and the like, to promote ethical behavior and communicate the organization’s values? What are the ?advantages and dangers of those media

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